Sexual Harassment in Film Industry
Sexual Harassment in Film Industry using SODA and Soft Systems Methodology
The next step is the SODA workshop, where a group question and answer session takes place, and where the ideas and concepts provided on the issues would usually be mapped. These things are organized by the consultant and carried out with the team of stakeholders. Thus, we are adopting what Pidd calls the “SODA II” approach. (Pidd 2003).
The aim is to find out and represent clearly the stakeholders’ views on the problem, their different perspectives and all the links or logic between all the different ideas or concepts, and the key aspects of the problem situation – so the problems, causes, goals, and then possibly, the actions to take.
Step 1: Rich pictures. A good initial step to take here, to start, is to create a rich picture of the problem situation. The rich pictures is a technique from SSM. It helps us, at this point, as something to refer to when thinking of questions to ask, matters to address etc. And beyond this point, a rich picture will inform the team throughout the study.
So, each group member should create a rough initial rich picture of the problem situation, as the particular stakeholder, whose role they are playing, would see it. Use your profile and opinions from stage 1 for this. Put as much detail on it as you can – so lots of different things. Be imaginative! Do make sure you have seen all the information provided on, and examples of, rich pictures for this in the relevant Unit.
The group should bring the five rich picture parts together for the SODA II workshop meeting – just place them alongside each other and see them together, as one rich picture of the whole problem situation, with all these different viewpoints. Then use this in the workshop to help with ideas on questions, answers etc, as above.
Before handing these in for stage 2 – each person should do a final neat version of their own rich picture, and then the group should put these together also, alongside each other, again as a single whole, now finished, rich picture. They can take a common approach as regards their format, or design maybe – but they can just as well or more easily stay in their distinctly different styles.
Step 2: Workshop 1 – Question and Answer Session. Don’t forget that the SODA group interview /group question and answer session is semi-structured. You don’t go in with a fixed set of questions. This is really important to remember! Check the relevant material on SODA in the Units, if you are not sure.
Instead you know the topic or problem, and you take in with you some ideas or rough questions on the different aspects of the problem and its context you wish to explore.
Normally you would let the developing map and the concepts on it, and thus the group’s answers tell you what to ask next. But see below for what is likely to be more practicable, in our case.
Definitely refer too, as above to your group’s whole rich picture for ideas on what to ask, where to explore, also. Don’t waste this aid or prompt you have developed.
So, using this process of question, answer, follow up question and so on, you will explore the overall group’s own views of the problem situation and draw up a causal map or group map to represent all the concepts, ideas and reasoning that “surface” – so that emerge from the different stakeholders’ perspectives and focuses.
You will also capture the logic of what they are saying here, as the causal map is a structured, linked-concept, cause-effect, logical model – a soft model – and if correct, is a very powerful device to act as the basis for the subsequent further exchange of ideas and deliberation by the group.
The emphasis in this first workshop is the nature and makeup of the problem situation – so the different problems, outcomes and causes of problems – rather than actions to take or solutions.
We would either a) ask the group, at different points in this question and answer workshop, what to do, or for solutions / actions to take to solve each problem as it emerges, or move things forward; or b) we would hold a second (SODA) workshop, where we would use the map from the first workshop as the basis for exploring each of the different areas within this map and establishing actions and solutions.
In this coursework we will use the second approach (b) and have another workshop / meeting in part 3 of the project. However, if ideas on actions and solutions to problems do come up in answers then definitely include them on this first map!
Exactly how you organise and carry out this first workshop meeting is up to you – how you will “meet” as a group, how you will record the questions and answers, how you will start and then proceed. You will need to plan the first workshop carefully.
The guidance on the number of questions to ask, answers to gather and concepts and links:
The aim in this workshop will be, for each of you, as consultant, to ask three questions to the group (of stakeholders – including yourself), possibly getting two answers (one from each of two stakeholders) on average per question, and then two concepts from each answer. I would keep questions short and answers short. With five people this should mean 15 questions, about 30 answers and give a first map of around 60 concepts. A few more or less is fine.
For Part 2, the full set of typed-out questions asked, and answers given needs to be submitted, with the person (real name) asking each question, as consultant, identified and the stakeholder answering identified (stakeholder role).
Step 3: Draw Part Causal Maps. a) I would like each person to create a rough version of a part causal map on paper, so a map of those concepts that come from the answers to the questions that person has asked. This is thus just a part of the whole causal map. You will need to hand this in.
b) Each of you should then use the PowerPoint template I will provide and do a neat version of your part causal map. You will need to hand this in too.
Step 4: Combine Part Causal Maps. Then, as a group, combine the part causal maps into one full causal map – of the whole situation. This should be possible to do if you have the part-maps on PowerPoint slides, as above, as you can take one part-map and copy it in one go onto another part map’s slide. It is strongly recommended that you do it in the same order in which you, as consultant took it in turn to ask questions.
I would also like you, as a group, then to create a neat, tidy final version of the full causal map using PowerPoint.
Step 5: Identify Areas on Causal Map. Next step is to see where there are distinct areas on the map, so still linked areas but clusters of concepts that relate to a particular sub-topic or goal or sub-goal or particular problem or sub-problem, broad action or broad cause etc. The number of areas should match roughly the number of people in the group. State what they are, draw their boundaries on a second copy of this map and give each area a suitable name.
Part 2 submission consists of:
i) the rough and final rich pictures drawn by each group member – individual;
ii) the final version of the full rich picture for the whole problem situation – group;
iii) the full set of questions and answers for workshop 1 – with real name of person asking each question and stakeholder role of person answering stated – individual;
iv) the rough causal map parts and the neat map parts done by each group member – individual;
v) the neat version of the full causal map – group;
vi) the neat causal map with boundaries drawn around topics / problem areas – giving a descriptive name to each area – group.
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