The three systems of Freud’s personality theory
Freud’s theory of personality structure means that in Freud’s theory, personality is regarded as a psychological mechanism that controls behavior from within. This internal psychological mechanism determines a person’s behavior in all given situations. Freud believes that the complete personality structure consists of three major parts, namely the id, the ego and the superego.
Freud believes that the complete personality structure consists of three major parts, namely the id, the ego and the superego.
The so-called id is the instinctive self, which is completely subconscious. The id is a chaotic world, which accommodates a mess of disorganized, unstable, instinctively suppressed desires, and conceals all kinds of undeveloped instincts that are incompatible with the ethics and legal norms of modern human society. The id follows the “happiness principle”. It does not understand what value is, what is good and evil, and what is morality. It only knows that it will pay all costs in order to satisfy its own needs.
The ego is the self facing reality. It is developed through acquired learning and contact with the environment. It is part of the consciousness structure. The ego is the regulator of the id and the external environment. It adheres to the principle of reality. It must satisfy the id It is necessary to stop violations of social norms, ethics and laws.
The superego is a moralized me. It is also differentiated and developed from the self. It is a person’s recognition of parents’ moral behavior in childhood, an imitation of social models, and acceptance of cultural traditions, values, and social ideals. Gradually formed. It is composed of moral ideals and conscience. It is the judicial branch of morality in the personality structure, the representative of all moral restrictions, and the driving force of noble actions in human life. It follows the principle of ideals. It adopts self-model (that is, conscience and self-ideal). ) Determine the standard of moral behavior and punish the behavior that violates the moral standard through conscience, so that people feel guilty.
Freud believed that the three ego, ego and superego interact and connect with each other. The id disregards reality, and only asks to satisfy desires and seek happiness; the superego restricts people’s desires and behaviors in accordance with moral standards, while the ego acts between the id and the superego, and it implements the desires of the id with realistic conditions. It must also obey the superego’s mandatory rules. It must not only look for things that meet the needs of the self, but it must also consider that the things it is looking for cannot violate the superego’s values.
Therefore, in the three aspects of personality, the ego plays a difficult role. On the one hand, it tries to satisfy the self’s pursuit of happiness; on the other hand, the behavior must meet the requirements of the superego. Therefore, the power of the self must be strong and able to coordinate the conflicts and contradictions between them, otherwise, the personality structure will be in a state of imbalance, leading to the formation of unsound personality.