WHY THE WORLD POPULATION IS DECLINING
Some scholars argue that the world’s population has tripled from 1950 to 2013. In 1950, the world population was 2.53 billion, while in 2013, it was estimated to be 7.13 billion (Warren 2015). This is a significant increase in population, which can lead to depletion of available natural resources if the trend continues. Many scholars have the hypothesis that the world population would triple after 60 years if measures are not taken (Warren 2015). However, this may not be the case following some significant factors which lead to a decline in population growth. These factors include infertility, use of family planning methods, dietary illnesses, and poverty.
There is a developing trend on the increase in infertility in both males and females (Tamura et al. 2017). For example, Japan set a rule that each family should not have more than three children to cab the drastically increasing population. However, despite the low number of children the state requires per family, it has been reported severally that very few families can raise more than two children (Tamura et al. 2017). The women in Japan are unable to give birth to two children, most of them having one or no children at all. This is as a result of infertility, which significantly leads to slow population growth. The issue of infertility is not only in Japan but also in other various countries across the world. Therefore, with this issue of infertility, it is not possible for the world’s population to triple in the next 60 years.
Use of family planning methods. The world has become significantly civilized, where technology has been significantly introduced in the health care system. With this technology, control of the population has arrived at success with the use of various contraceptives (Li et al. 2013). Couples can plan for their children and cases of bearing children at a mistake are done away with. Some contraceptives such as condoms, pills, and other procedural techniques have been used significantly in 85% of the world countries (Li et al. 2013). This means that children are only born when couples have a plan for it. Therefore, with the continued use of family planning methods, families would be raising a little number of children whom they can take care of. Additionally, the available resources would not be too much limited due to the high population. In 60-years’ time, the population may increase by a small percentage but hardly can it triple.
Diseases are emerging due to poor nutritional practices, including diabetes, hypertension, cancer, and cardiovascular disease (Wang et al. 2015). These diseases are listed among the most chronic dietary illnesses which are deadly if correct medical interventions are not taken. Reports and research findings indicate that these diseases are prevalent in many countries across the world, and they have led to the death of a significant number of people. Additionally, these diseases have left many people too weak and unable to reproduce any more (Wang et al. 2015). These diseases are not affecting only old-aged people but are also affecting the youthful age. This implies that there is no age group that is not vulnerable to these diseases. These diseases are a contributor to slow population growth.
Ncube, Anyanwu, & Hausken (2014) argue that the rate of poverty across the world’s countries has increased. Some of the causes of poverty include climatic change and unemployment. The shift in climate has led to low agricultural productivity and has caused health problems due to hazard rays from the sun caused by the depletion of the ozone layer. Unemployment has also led to poverty, where people are unable to afford food and health services. Many international organizations have intervened the issue of poverty. However, these organizations fail significantly considering the strategies that they use to curb poverty. They provide relief foods and other resources but do not consider dealing with the causes of poverty, such as protecting the environment to prevent climate change. Moreover, Ncube et al. (2014) posit that poverty has led to the death of a significant population across the world and is still having its roots. Therefore, due to poverty, the world’s population is less likely to triple in the next 60 years.
The world’s population is less likely to triple in the next 60 years due to infertility, use of family planning methods, dietary illnesses, and poverty. These factors lead to the death of people and little likelihood of being able to reproduce. Therefore, deaths reduce the number of the current population while a low probability of being reproductive minimizes the possibility of having fast population growth. Thus, as long as these factors are existing, the population across the world may not triple in the next 60 years.
Li, Jinke, Marleen Temmerman, Qiuju Chen, Jialin Xu, Lina Hu, and Wei-Hong Zhang. (2013). A review of contraceptive practices among married and unmarried women in China from 1982 to 2010. The European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care, 18(3), 148-158.
Ncube, Mthuli, John C. Anyanwu, and Kjell Hausken. (2014). Inequality, economic growth and poverty in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). African Development Review, 26(3), 435-453.
Tamura, Hiroshi, Hiroshi Kishi, Mari Kitade, Mikiko Asai‐Sato, Atsushi Tanaka, Takashi Murakami, Takashi Minegishi, and Norihiro Sugino. (2017). Clinical outcomes of infertility treatment for women with adenomyosis in Japan. Reproductive medicine and biology, 16(3), 276-282.
Wang, Dong D., Yanping Li, Stephanie E. Chiuve, Frank B. Hu, and Walter C. Willett. (2015). Improvements in US diet helped reduce disease burden and lower premature deaths, 1999–2012; overall diet remains poor. Health Affairs, 34(11), 1916-1922.
Warren, Stephen. G. (2015). Can human populations be stabilized?. Earth’s Future, 3(2), 82-94.
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WHY THE WORLD POPULATION IS DECLINING
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